Sunday, June 28, 2015

Celestial beings in Hindu Dharm

Mahadevas are the main gods of Hinduism including their avatars. Lord Shiva is known as Mahadeva. All beings except the Mahadevas were created by Lord Brahma.

((Devas: ))
Devas are the good celestial beings similar to angels. They live in the kingdom of heaven which is ruled by Dheva Raja Indra. They are under the protection of the Mahadevas.

((Asuras: ))
Asuras are the wicked and rebellious celestial beings, similar to the Fallen Angels. They live under feudal rules of different Asura kings. They are sworn enemies of the Devas and tried several times to conquer the kingdom of heaven, but without success.

Suras are chivalrous and warlike celestial beings. They are considered sons of the sun god Surya and embody the sunbeam. The king Rajendra Chola called once himself the brightest shining Sura of the Suryavamsa.

Yakshas, are nature spirits and their king is the prosperity god Kubera. Yakshas can be divided between good and evil Yakshas. Evil Yakshas live on trees and attack people who wander in the forest.

Nagas are snake people and their king is the Nagaraja Vasuki. Nagas are sworn enemies of the Garudas.

The Garudas are eagle people. The mount of Lord Vishnu is a Garuda. Garuda and Naga culture is widespread in South Asia and Southeast Asia.

The Vanaras are Monkey people. The most famous Vanara is the deity Hanuman. Vanaras living in Vana (forest) Kingdom.

Rakshasas are demons or ogres and embody the evil. They work with the Asuras against the Devas and humans. The Rakshasa power increase at night.

((Humans and Animals: ))
Humans and Animals are mortal beings living on earth. They are neutral nature.

Matsyas are sea people and their king is the Samudra Raja Varuna. They are represented as half human and half fish.

Pishachas, are Undead beings that feed on blood and flesh of mortal beings. Pisashas is used as a term for ghosts and vampires.

Apsaras are beautiful celestial nymphs and talented dancers.

Gandharvas are heavenly beings and talented musicians. Gandharvas and Apsaras are responsible for the entertainment in the kingdom of heaven

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Integral Education Part II - Does book guarentee wisdom ?

न चोरहार्यं न च राजहार्यं न भ्रातृभ्राज्यं न च भारकारि।
व्यये कृते वर्धत एव नित्यं विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम्॥

( Knowledge cannot be stolen by a thief.
It cannot taken away by a King.
It cannot be divided among brothers.
It does not cause load. It always increases when spent.
The wealth of knowledge is the greatest of all wealths. )

Knowledge can not be acquired by just reading Books.

It goes without saying that the teachers are the influential catalysts in the field of education. Life is note mere materialism , there is ultimate reality in us. To make student realise and manifest the inner reality should be the desired outcome of our education. Teachers have a great role to play paving the path to make student perceive the inner reality.

What is the nature of education and training need to be given to student to realise the inner reality??? Make him understand that education is not about following a book , but imparting true facts of life. Make student understand that Books come with a baggage of per-conceived notions of the writer and every book can not be truth in itself.

A student must understand that following a Book will make him a mere follower and never a 'originator' . When he challenge the truth alone will take him to the way of imparting the knowledge. Book he/she reads should just be a launching pad to take a plunge towards knowing the truth. Knowledge is not in the Book but in Life we lead and it need continuous efforts to tap it.

Training of mind to acquire knowledge is not same as memorising the content of the syllabus . Training of mind should be used to study the logic not just to by-heart the content. But the modern education system has now got institutionalised . It now gives important to Book and its content rather than training the mind to justify opinion from justified belief.

Book must be used as first step in long journey of Knowledge. We need not deduct the authors experiences stored in a book but see it as a sojourn and continue further on ones own exploration. Books are our primary source of gaining knowledge , but that itself is not the entire knowledge.

(will be continued)

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

Telangana agitation memories.

ఆ పోరు నినాదాలు
ఆ ఉద్యమ అడుగులు
ఆ కోప తాపాలు
ఆ ధూమ్ ధామ్ పాటలు
ఆ దండోరా చప్పులు
ఆ పోరు బిడ్డల అలాయ్ బలాయిలు
ఆ అమర వీరుల త్యాగాలు
ఆ ఉద్యమ బాట స్మృతులు అన్ని గుర్థుకస్తున్నయి.

తెలంగాణా అమర వీరులకు జాతీయ విప్లవ జోహార్లు !!
తెలంగాణ రాష్ట్ర అవతరణ దినోత్సవం, మా త్యాగధనులకు అంకితం !!!

Monday, May 25, 2015

Integral Education - Part-I

Sri Krishna tells Arjuna in the 13th chapter of Bhagwad Geeta 11th sloka :

Etaj jnanam iti proktam
ajnanam yad ato nyatha

(Constant application to the study of spiritual texts and practice of discipline and clear aim of the goal of enlightenment and destiny of man- all these constitute knowledge, everything else is ignorance)

The main aim of the education should be training of mind as an instrument of imparting knowledge and not simply to sight the lust of materialism . Does our modern education guarantees 'character' , 'social outlook' ?? Does our education stress on development of mind towards collective consciousness of uplifting Humankind ?? Does current education aggrandize wisdom?? We all know the answer, an affirmative NO. Is it not right time to ponder upon alternative model and sow the seeds of Integral Education ??

My friend Ravi.V used to talk of Integral Education. I never understood his botheration on such subject in to-days education system, where it has become a money making Industry. Aurobindo Society and Pragna Bharati held few training sessions for school teachers on "Integral Education" . I accompanied Ravi to few of them. These sessions made me believe that Education is not just about knowledge gaining but more about imbibing discipline and focusing on lasting values.

Ask youngsters what he or she like to become and they would reply saying anything that guarantee them a great future in terms of making money in shortest time. GenNxt was never made to understand the holistic concept that education is more about gaining knowledge to be union with Humanity rather means towards making money.

In this context perhaps it would be appropriate to evaluate the worth and utility of money or its potential in as much as the inducement to education is focused on more money in the shortest time as mentioned above.

I studied Business Management from Bhavan's college. In one of Bhavan's journal it published the following lines :

money can buy a bed, but not sleep
money can buy books, but not knowledge
money can buy fruits but not sweetness

(will be continued)